Over the years, people have evolved from saving to investing money for their future. The savings habits have moved from putting money into savings accounts and fixed deposits (FD) to investing in various financial instruments.
Savings are no longer limited to accumulating funds but to make your money earn and grow through investing. The scope of the entire savings exercise has not only expanded but also become more complicated and time-consuming.
Needless to say, that you would not only want your hard-earned money to give you adequate returns through wise investing but also use the returns generated out of investments, towards transforming your life goals into reality. Life goals could be anything such as buying a new car, owning the house of your dreams, starting up your own business venture, saving towards your children’s education, going for the dream vacation or any other futuristic ambition.
In order to make the aforementioned dreams come true, it is essential that you focus on your net worth. Net worth is determined after your liabilities are subtracted from your assets. Your long-term objective must be to grow your net worth. The best way to achieve this is through investing. Here are five things you need do prior to investing.
- Debt Repayment should be your top priority
Your savings are fundamental to empower you to ensure you do not need to assume debt in the future. The idea is to clear out your existing high-interest debts at the earliest so that you may use these to invest in different financial instruments.
- Eliminate unnecessary expenses
You need to analyze your spending habits and do away with unnecessary expenses. It is important you avoid spending on things that are not necessary. Cutting down unwanted expenses increases the amount available for investing.
- Build an emergency fund
There is no certainty in life and even your best plans may go haywire. You may have an excellent investment plan. However, what would happen to it if you lose your job or become ill? Therefore, it is important to build an emergency fund in a separate account. You may set up an automatic deposit for a small amount to this account from your primary account.
- Understand different investment options
Today, multiple investment options are available. Therefore, you need to research and understand these different instruments. You may invest in equity, debt, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), mutual funds, bullion, and much more. Before you invest in one or more of these options, it is imperative to get a complete understanding of their features, pros, and cons. Even if you take help from a qualified advisor, it is important you get the necessary knowledge.
It is equally important to develop investment discipline. One way to achieve this through a systematic investment plan (SIP). Such plans invest a certain amount at periodic intervals in mutual funds of your choice. These are beneficial in earning higher returns when compared to debt instruments like fixed deposits and are less risky than direct stock investing.
- Maintain supportive social groups
It is common for you to be influenced by your social groups. It is recommended to maintain supportive social groups that will encourage commitment towards investing and make smart financial moves. Furthermore, you need to be in touch with your wants and desires. This will help you clearly set your financial goals as well as pursue them in a more focused manner.
Investing is very important. However, diving into it without clear understanding and focus may have a negative impact. Therefore, educate yourself before investing.